Wu Mountain Dasi cultural sites
Dasi cultural sites located in Qutang East Side, Pang Daning gully big town, is the birthplace of the ancient Wen Ming of Yangtze River in China, it is important relic Chinese Neolithic matriarchal society. Guo to call it 'Dasi culture'. Wushan County belong to big town, Town there is a river, into the Yangtze River. Because of their color, such as Dai, the name Dai Creek. When the flood water potential vast Dai River, which also known as Dasi. The cultural sites dating back about 56 years, is a matriarchal clan to the late embryonic stage patriarchal clan, is one of China's famous ancient cultural sites of primitive society.
1959-1975, Sichuan Museum and other units form a joint expedition conducted three excavations, excavated a total area of 570 square meters, clean up 208 tombs, relics of more than 1250. There are stone ax, adze, stone pestle, stone sickles, spinning wheels, bone needles, clam sickle, net sinkers and other production tools. Terracotta pottery with mainly black pottery, Pottery, followed by three foot minimum. Pottery and ornament stamp stamped distinctive. Have bean shapes, curved abdominal cups, bowls, pots, plates, bottles, pots, bowls and the like, wherein the cylindrical bottle, and the high ring foot deep abdominal beans cup is curved abdominal Daxi representative objects. Decorations jade, stone, bone, ivory, animal teeth and so are several, mainly earrings, pendant and decorated with three arms. There are hollow stone ball human face embossed pendants and other works of art. Dasi tombs in ruins, the dead were buried in a public cemetery clan, mainly to the head generally south early to bury back straight, but also bent sideways funeral and burial. The vast majority burial tomb, the tomb of women to teach men generally rich, up to more than 30, some stone bracelet, dental bracelet, unearthed Shihai worn on the forearm of the deceased. In the tomb also found several whole fish bones and shells, to the phenomenon of fish funerary still rare in China Neolithic culture.
In addition, there is a sacrifice to the dog. Dasi site sooner or later the social nature reflected in two tombs, there is great variation. Daxi culture for the prosperity of the early stage of matriarchal commune, as late embryonic stage patrilineal society. Dasi Yangshao Culture and the Central Plains region, are different types of important Neolithic cultural relics, there is a mutual exchange of influence factors between them. At present, the academic community generally believed Qujialing Dasi culture and culture is the culture of the same type of two different stages of development, Qujialing culture is developed on the basis of the Daxi culture.
In mid-May 2007, Chongqing was first discovered Southeast Dasi cultural sites, unearthed a typical mid-double joint burial funeral Dasi cultural relics and other precious relics. The discovery of Dasi cultural sites located in Youyang County Hydropower Project Reservoir Youchou, clean out the tombs and post holes and other architectural monuments.
According to the Chongqing Municipal Cultural Relics and Archeology archeology team leader Bai Jiujiang introduction, the discovery of Dasi cultural sites located in Youyang County Hydropower Project Reservoir Youchou, explore an area of 1125 square meters, was found at 9 ground and underground cultural relics at 12. It has cleared the tombs and post holes and other architectural monuments. Wherein the double joint burial tombs elliptical, flexed sideways to the left, to the right flexed Yang Shen, a typical mid Daxi culture tombs.
This is the first discovery in the Southeast Areas Dasi cultural sites, is the first excavated Dasi cultural sites upstream shui, which provides new material for the study of the distribution and Dasi cultural expansion. In addition, the source of knowledge for Dasi cultural elements found in the east of the Qutang, but also provides a new way of thinking based on: shui, Dasi Wujiang River may be the transmission of culture.
March 2008 to May 12, Huaihua archaeological team of Wushan Dasi cultural heritage sites remains the implementation of the rescue excavation. Archaeological team were excavated tombs of the Han Dynasty, the Warring States period, the Six Dynasties, Ming and Qing dynasties Three 6 45 clean out all kinds of artifacts - pottery, ironware, more than 60 ancient coins. Excavated a total area of 3,000 square meters. Among Tang Dynasty unearthed melon ribs and pot full of blue and white porcelain bowl Ming Dynasty great research value.
At the same time, recent archaeological team excavated the tomb of the Han Dynasty sarcophagus (folk known as "Manzi hole"), now estimated to be around 2,000 years old, 5.7 meters long tomb, 2.2 meters wide, 2.2 meters high, with nearly all of 1000 hand grinding block of bluestone brick vaulted tomb with arches, corridor, three tomb structure. Not only was a good reflection of folk customs, but also valuable to the study of heavy and long Dasi culture. At present, the stone grave monument has been moved to the nearby big Kang Township (Kang Mao-cai stone) compound to be intact rehabilitation, as specimens of educational research.
Culture is a Neolithic Daxi middle reaches of the Yangtze River Three Gorges region found (Reference: Neolithic), about BC 4400- 3300 years ago, including Wushan County, Sichuan Province, south of Qutang Dasi sites, as well as Hunan and Hubei 10 multiple sites. Terracotta pottery Daxi culture in the main, generally painted red, the prevalence of circular, rectangular, crescent-like stamp stamped, terracotta ornamentation of black color, such as the mouth cable lines, horizontal chevrons, bar spiral lines and bands, there are mainly the shape kettle, pot, tank along the ramp, small mouth straight collar cans, pots, beans, pot, bowl Quanzu, cylindrical bottles, cups and other abdominal curve. There is a stone sides symmetrical sharpening stone chisel shaped Kyu, very particularly, there are axes, adze, knives and the like. Dasi cultural houses, mostly made of bamboo and braised soil. Agriculture Dasi residents mainly to rice cultivation, rice husk ruins found in a large number of specimens.
Address: town of Wushan County of Chongqing Municipality