Chongqing Zhazi Hole
Cinder Cave original artificial coal mining small coal mines, because many small coal slag named. It is surrounded by mountains, facing the ditch, hidden terrain. 1943 Baigongguan was changed to "Sino-US cooperation," the third hostel, the detention "political prisoners" moved, in April 1947 to move back. In December 1947, closed more than six months as the Cinder Cave Chongqing Xing Yuan two second detention center again off people. The main sources of detainees there in 1947 "six, a" mass arrest of "commit", "advance Bao" and "Little Revolutionary Committee" case of arrested persons. Insurgents were arrested after an armed uprising in East and down, reaches up to more than three hundred. Jiang Zhuyun, Xu Jianye, Yu Zusheng this and other martyrs had been detained. Cinder Cave detention center points inside and outside the two houses, a leaked internal courtyard dam, first floor of a prison sixteen male, two female prison.
In order to fight the revolutionaries from the collapse of the spirit, spies specially written on the inside walls Cinder Cave "youth gone, think about it, this time to identify with here was not to obsession." "Endless maze , repent and be saved, "" quiet patience, no resentment no worries "slogan. Outside the hospital is a spy office, torture chambers. There are special people write news show business slogan "Leadership can not see, can not think, can not hear, can not do, we asked leaders see, think, hear, do" on the walls outside.
Cinder Cave History
In 1939 the KMT spy death sentence for miners, coal mines and miners occupied housing, the camp is set to change.
Established in 1939 in Chongqing Ciqikou.
1943 later changed SACO Second Detention Center.
In December 1947, closed more than six months as the Cinder Cave Chongqing Xing Yuan two second detention center again off people. The main sources of detainees there in 1947 "six, a" mass arrest of "commit", "advance Bao" and "Little Revolutionary Committee" case of arrested persons. Insurgents were arrested after an armed uprising in East and down, reaches up to more than three hundred. Jiang Zhuyun, Xu Jianye, Yu Zusheng this and other martyrs had been detained.
The end of November 1949, the eve of the liberation of Chongqing, imprisoned here of more than 200 revolutionaries were killed.
November 27, 1949, People's Liberation Army has liberated most parts of Sichuan, the KMT began to massacre people detained because of insufficient guards Cinder Cave, the guards Baigongguan also transferred to, leaving only a guard personnel, "Red Rock" author Luo Guangbin so do guard work, telling him clear the situation, and said that if they put up, they gave him to testify, the government would get lenient treatment. The guards after they put out, they went to the mountains outside the prison went into hiding, and it did not suffer the Kuomintang massacre.
Historical events (11.27 Massacre)
October 1, 1949, after the founding of New China news reached Cinder Cave prison and Baigongguan revolutionaries ecstatic. Baigongguan being held in prison Luo Guangbin, Chen Ran, Ding land equal difficulty level of excitement, they used a red and a few sheets of paper scissors made of five-pointed star red flag. After doing under the red flag was hidden in the floor of his cell, on the eve of victory, in addition to Luo Guangbin comrades out of danger, all the other comrades of the glorious sacrifice.
August 1949, Jiang went to Chongqing with Mao Renfeng personally arranged the massacre plan!
September 6, General Yang Hucheng and son Yang Zheng, the Yang Zheng expensive, secretary Song Qiyun, son SONG Zhen and Xu Linxia in (Xiaoluobutou) were then transferred by the Guizhou, Chongqing night were secretly killed in Dai Li's reception room, guard room. The enemy to deceive the public, the general Yang Hucheng bodies buried in the reception room at Dai Li flower beds and planted flowers, Song Qiyun couple buried underground in the guardhouse, and then marked of concrete.
At 4:27 on November afternoon, the enemy of the revolutionaries Baigongguan prison massacre, from Cinder Cave prison also made three batches of people taken to the nearby Baigongguan shot. After midnight, he had vaguely heard the sound of the guns of the People's Liberation Army, at this time there are 19 Baigongguan, Cinder Cave about more than 200 imprisoned revolutionaries. Cinder Cave executioner to executioner Baigongguan for help, so frenzied executioner concentrated to Cinder Cave to "immediately transfer, transfer to do" in the name of all men and women who are locked up in prison in the male prison downstairs eight cell, suddenly with a machine gun, carbine fire. After the massacre, they set fire to his cell. When the executioner concentrated Cinder Cave massacre, Baigongguan guard Yang Qin Code because usually educated revolutionaries in prison, decided to revolt at this critical moment, standing on the side of justice. He went opens the door to let go of the last of 19 people (including two children). When the executioner Cinder Cave massacre, martyrs block the cell door with his body block the enemy's fire. When the executioner set fire to Cinder Cave, 30 injured or shot fellows, struggling to escape from a pool of blood and rushed to break through the gap when the wall was the executioner found another dozen people were shot, the last of 15 people out of danger.
Tragedy in Gele, which shocked the world of collective massacres began in September 1949 and ends on November 29, martyrs of more than 300 people!
Address: Shapingba District of Chongqing Lingyun Road Town Geleshan
Car lines: from Shapingba can take 210 directly to the White Residence. There are 215,217,221 bus up. Road will pass through Hongyanhun memorial can be visited in the downhill.