Xi'an Zhouzhi large jade puppetry
Xi'an Zhouzhi County Zhouzhi county located in the southeastern village of jade, ancient building at the foot of view, it yuhe east coast. According to village monument records, Tang Jingfu two years (AD 893 years) because the original village was destroyed by the flood, dig out a larger piece of jade reconstruction, named Jade big village, the village has 17 villagers group, the total population of 2860 people. According to existing data research, also known as puppetry puppet theater, has a long history, the earliest puppets may be related to the funeral, in 1978, Shandong Han Dynasty unearthed have the flexibility to manipulate the puppets.
Puppet in large jade Qing Xuantong years spread by the puppeteers Don Skiles village HUANG Xin-min, Guo Jiucheng, Guo Chenglin, GUO Xing baby and so on. Big puppet made of jade Qing Xuantong years by the long development of scattered to concentrated by Xing to decline. Existing performance, carving artists, more than 30 people. Large jade puppet is still active among the masses. Jade is a microcosm of a large puppet farming community life, has important reference value to the research and development of our farming community and local customs and ideology.
Large jade puppet of the development and transmission of heritage performances of the opera, the woodcut art and social development in the traditional repertoire has played a positive role in promoting the various periods of local opera, revolutionary model operas played a traditional educational role of the nation in the show, is the revolutionary tradition of education is not available and more vivid teaching materials deserve.
The main value of large jade puppet that puppet initial choice of materials, sculpture and performance and everything you need is done in large jade village puppeteers, the overall heritage of all skill puppets, puppets developed to hard to save the craft so complete a traditional project, has high research value of arts and crafts, sculpture, painting and so on.
Large jade puppet puppet making and puppet shows by the two parts
First, puppet making style generally divided into:
1, the choice of materials. 6-7 inches in diameter willow mainly emptied timber, means eye, mouth loaded.
2, three birds painted seven stages, first by the artist carved head (modeling), and then face painting to distinguish the characters.
3, in conjunction with carved and painted stage, modeling, sculpture, painting both, emphasis on creativity and techniques of.
Second, the performance (twisted pole pole). Together with the civil and military instruments and live-action scenes blending, there are musical instruments, surrounded by drums (ie newspaper drum) dry drums, drums, percussions, gong, small gong, big cymbals (also known as dumpling) small cymbals (also known as sub-fan) Banhu, erhu, dulcimer, fighting Weng, cello, flute, suona, number. Performances with opera, the main repertoire of "Ding Bai this", "Spring" and "The lower east", "Xing Han map", "four-yin book", "cut Li Guang", "Golden Beach", "cut red light "," Wu Temple votive, "" Tang Zheng Xi "," universe with "" Um flowers "," cloud Xiao Jian, "" Yufeng chan "," Sun Bin sit hole "," Sun Pang battle of wits, "" eight Diagrams "," Wild Goose Ji Ling Temple "," Xiaolian volume "," long board slope "," swords book "," the Meishan "," Shuangfeng Pa "," pier profile will "," yellow bird Temple "nearly 30.
Large jade puppet performances for the development of heritage and tradition of opera, woodcut art and social development in the traditional repertoire has played a positive role in promoting. Comprehensive arts heritage of all the puppets, crafts high research value of art, sculpture, painting and so on.
Zhouzhi large jade puppet appliances and related products
Musical instruments mainly, surrounded by drums (ie newspaper drum) dry drums, drums, percussions, gong, small gong, big cymbals (also known as dumpling) small cymbals (also known as fan sub) banhu, erhu, dulcimer, fighting Weng, cello, flute, suona, number.
Carving tools: ax, plane, iron gauges, chisels, flat shovel, sand paper, wood saw, etc., graver (medium and small), wood, awl.
Painting soil: a pigment (black, yellow, red pigment of various materials) Langhao pen.
Props costumes are: Sheng, Dan, net, ugly, wigs a variety of roles, clothing, headwear.
Zhouzhi County jade puppet representative inheritors have
Du Zhangang, male, February 27, 1955 born, Han nationality, junior middle school education, students corner, the director, the main heritage box. ZHENG Zhi-high (sculpture), Luo Man Po.
ZHENG Zhi-high, male, February 8, 1945 born, Han nationality, a large jade village eight groups of people, mainly puppet carving.
Luo Man Po, male, February 2, 1960 born, Han nationality, a large jade village a group of people. Health corner singer.