Qin Shi Huang Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum
Terracotta Warriors Museum National AAAAA (5A) class attractions, the Terracotta Warriors Museum is located at 37 kilometers away from Xi'an Lintong District East, South Hill Lishan, north Wei, imposing, it is a national key cultural relics protection units.
Qin terracotta warriors and horses pits discovered in 1974, is located 1.5 kilometers east of Emperor Qin Shihuang. The archaeological workers for many years large-scale drilling and studies to research, here is China's first feudal emperor Emperor Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum in a large-scale from mass graves. In 1975 the state decided to establish a museum on the site of figurines pit. After more than four years to build, until the end of September 1979, the majestic ruins One figurines pit exhibition hall and some auxiliary buildings were completed the same year began Oct. 1 on display to visitors at home and abroad.
Qin Shi Huang was the first emperor in Chinese history, he unified China Albert, also Fenshukengru crimes, about the merits and demerits of the emperor, is still Historians have debated topic. His keen thinking, behavior fruit sleep, ambitious, good at trickery, while violent and cruel, ruthless, opinionated, profusion, all the First Emperor of years and always full of mystery. In 1974, Lintong District, villagers found the large and small figurines in the residual wells, thus political, economic and cultural situation of Qin Shihuang period of gradual military show in front of the world. 1979 National Day grand scale of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum grand opening.
After the opening of the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses, and soon a foreign sensation, known as the "eighth wonder of the world", is one of the most important archaeological discovery. Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses of its enormous size, powerful scenes, and superb science, art level, so that the audience amazed. Thanks to the ancient city of Xian Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum, soon became one of the most important tourist cities in China. Domestic and foreign visitors have come here especially. Our access to foreign heads of state and other dignitaries, most of the Terra Cotta Warriors should be included in the agenda. So far as to, foreign tourists Terracotta Museum has received more than 40 million people, of whom more than 400 million passengers foreign guests, foreign heads of government level VIP 100 people, Prime Minister Prime Minister more than 250 people. Notably the US President Ronald Reagan, Bill Clinton, French President Mitterrand, Chirac, Queen Elizabeth II, German President for Erzuo Ke, Chancellor Helmut Kohl, under Japanese Prime Minister Gordon bamboo, Murayama and Emperor Akihito, Prime Minister of Singapore Lee Kuan Yew UN Secretary-General Ghali, etc., in short, are more numerous.
The museum history
March 1974, in the hills east of West Yangcun villagers drought wells, three miles between the east mausoleum next village and five refuse village and found large-scale Terracotta Warriors pit, excavated by archaeologists, He opened the treasure buried in the underground Terracotta 2,000 years ago. In 1975 the state decided to establish a museum on the site of figurines pit. October 1, 1979 Terracotta Warriors Museum began to exhibit domestic and foreign visitors. At 13:00 on June 13, 2009 more Terracotta Army Pit digging again, after the middle of the northern part of the Pit, he unearthed terracotta warriors with color.
Terracotta Warriors and Horses, is the world's largest underground military museum.
Terracotta Warriors is one of the greatest archaeological discoveries in the history of the world, in 1978, former French Prime Minister Jacques Chirac said after the visit:. "With the seven wonders of the world, the terracotta figures found, it can be said that the eight wonders of the terracotta figures do not look , not to China. "Since then, Terracotta known as" the eighth wonder of the world. "
Terracotta Warriors and Horses
Terracotta Warriors Museum, was built on the site of the terracotta warriors and horses pits ruins museum. Since opening October 1, 1979, bathed in the spring breeze of reform and opening, through hard work, has made brilliant achievements, became the site of a large world-famous museum. Terracotta Warriors and Horses have been known as the "eighth wonder of the world", "one of the great archaeological finds in the history of the twentieth century." December 1987, UNESCO has been the mausoleum (including the Terracotta Warriors in Pit) included in the "World Heritage List." It is not only the Chinese people, but also a precious cultural wealth of mankind. Establishment and development of Terracotta Warriors Museum, has ups and downs and hardships, embodies many people's hard work and sweat. Terracotta Warriors and Horses in March 1974 found that local farmers pile up in the midst of sand, accidentally found some pottery fragments while digging a well on the mass graves of numerous wilderness. After more than a year archaeologists on careful exploration and trial excavation, it is the seat of the grand scale of discovery of large terracotta pit (ie One figurines pit), which buried and live, real horse of similar size figurines, pottery horses about 6000 pieces. This huge discovery caused a sensation and shock in China and the world. Terracotta warriors and horses pits due to the grand scale, figurines, pottery horses huge number of excavations to continue for several years or even decades. In these long years, how to protect this precious cultural heritage, it is frost damage from wind and rain, it has become a major problem worrying. At that time we had planned archaeological workers with bamboo sticks, put up a temporary protection Luxi shed to address urgent needs. While we do this when anxious, August 26, 1975, Wang Ye autumn was appointed Director of the State Bureau of Cultural Relics arrived in Xi'an, conveyed the decision of the State Council to establish the Museum of Terracotta Warriors and Horses in here and take it as a special project of the country.
Preparatory work for the museum is the beginning of the end of 1975, in February 1976 staff in charge of the preparatory work moved into the site, officially broke ground in September. The museum is the beginning of a difficult period troubled country, the national economy on the verge of collapse, many large construction projects have collapsed, a serious shortage of funds to build a museum, building materials raise difficulties. However, with the strong support of the state, to build a museum personnel through unremitting efforts, and finally to overcome the difficulties, in the end of September 1979, a magnificent area of 16,000 square meters of terracotta warriors and horses pits ruins One hall is completed, in the October 1 its 30th anniversary of New China, and the domestic, public open.
Museum of Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum, built in the early program was developed in October 1975 and was approved by the state. One was only discovered terracotta warriors and horses pits, while two and three terracotta pit was discovered in the summer of 1976 during archaeological exploration in. This determines a building program Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum is incomplete. One, Two, Three Terracotta Warriors and Horses in the pit is a group of Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum, a total of three pit figurines, pottery horses about 8000, like a huge underground corps, but also the seat of the ancient sculpture art treasure house. Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum opened later had a great influence on society, it has aroused strong interest. Since the Terracotta Warriors Museum opened, the audience waves in the world, formed a hot terracotta warriors and horses of Qin. So, Warriors and Horses Museum original architectural scale and more primitive facilities can not meet the needs of the times. Terracotta Warriors Museum how to build a world-class large hall, an issue of great concern, but also all the staff of the museum urgent desire. In the warm care and support of the Shaanxi provincial government and the China National Tourism Administration, in 1986, the second phase expansion project of Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum in Shaanxi Province officially listed as key projects. The main project is the construction and expansion of terracotta warriors and horses pits two and three sites Halls, Heritage and the Treasury as well as cultural relics exhibition hall and other integrated facilities more than twenty projects. The total construction area of 45,000 square meters, a total investment of 48.5 million yuan. Since the construction of the Museum of Terracotta Warriors and Horses entered a new stage of rapid development.
Phase II expansion as one of the key projects of terracotta warriors and horses pits sites Halls III, in May 1987 commenced the main project completed by the end of 1988. Followed by archaeological excavations, September 27, 1989, Terracotta Warriors Three open pits. II terracotta pit sites Halls infrastructure project started in 1988, the main project completed by the end of 1993, beginning of 1994 to explore and external display. So far as the Terracotta Army museum building in the heart of the project - I, II, III terracotta pit sites Halls, have been fully completed. Total construction area of three sites Halls of 34,730 square meters, the three figurines pit cover all sites in the hall, and there is good ventilation, lighting, fire, theft and other facilities to ensure the safety of the ruins, relics.
Address: Lintong District of Xi'an in Shaanxi Province Terracotta Warriors Museum
Travel Line: Take the East Railway Station Square Museum at 306, 307; 306 Road, the fare 5.5 yuan (walking speed); 307 yuan; made 00-18: 00, every 10 minutes.
By car: car car can forward along the West Tongguan highway, travel 24 km (road toll 10 yuan), to reach the Lintong district, three kilometers before the line, that is, Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum, move four kilometers, that is, to the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses ; can was driving west along the highway, its roads in good condition, in a non-peak traffic periods, fewer vehicles, speed up to 60 km / h, just 30 minutes to reach the Lintong.