Xi'an Imitation Tang San Cai handicrafts
The Tang Dynasty was the heyday of Chinese feudal society, economic prosperity, beautiful and fragrant flowers blooming on culture and art, three-color glazed pottery began in the Northern and Southern Sheng Yu Tang, it vivid style, beautiful color and rich flavor of life known as common three basic colors, and the formation characteristics in the Tang Dynasty, it was later called "Tang Sancai."
- three-color ladies -
Tang Sancai is a low temperature lead-glazed pottery, adding different metal oxides in the glaze, after calcination, will form yellow, ocher yellow, light green, dark green, sky blue, maroon, eggplant purple and other colors, but more yellow, ocher, and green-based. It is mainly the greenware glaze coated, chemical changes in the traditional craft baking process, glaze gradation change, each invasion, mottled dripping, natural color coordinated, smooth pattern, China having a unique flavor. Tang Sancai embraced in color, the show grand splendid artistic charm. Tang Sancai for burial, as burial objects, because it Taizhi crunchy, poor water resistance, far less practical celadon and white porcelain had already appeared.
- Three-color Ma -
Tang Sancai Chang'an and Luoyang, mainly in two places, Chang said in the West kiln, a kiln called East in Luoyang. Tang Dynasty prevalence of this practice is not only a high official nobility, the people did, has formed an atmosphere.
Many types of Tang Sancai figures, animals, dishes, water, wine, stationery, furniture, houses, and even loaded the ashes of the altar pot and so on. Substantially more people favorite horse figurines, some foot Yang flying, hovering some standing, some hoping neighing, showed a variety of life-like posture. As for character modeling women, civilian, military commanders, Hu figurines, kings, according to social status and level of character, portray different personalities and characteristics; lady facial Feng Yuan, all kinds of hair dressing the hair, dressed in colorful costumes, civilian polite, staunch brave warrior, Hu figurines high nose and deeply set eyes, angry king mighty, majestic spirit, full of ancient China as a fine example of sculpture!
The pottery production process is very complicated. Mining ore first of all to be selected through the soil, Chung pound, washing, precipitation, after drying, the tire mold made kiln fired. Firing Tang Sancai is used in the secondary firing process. From the material point of view, which carcass is made of white clay, pigment 1000-1100 ℃ after burning in the kiln, the calcined tire through the cooling element, and then subjected to various glazes formulated into the kiln glaze firing, which firing temperature is 850-950 ℃. In the glaze, as the coloring agent, after the calcination exhibited a variety of colors using a variety of metal oxide.
After the glaze firing out some characters need to re-open face, the so-called open-face is the person's head antique product is not glazed, it has to go through thrush, point lip, hair painting such a process, then this one even Tang Sancai products finished.
Tang Sancai Features
Tang Sancai features can be summarized in two areas, first modeling. From the modeling aspects in terms of its shape and the general shape of different crafts, unearthed with other horses is different era.
Shape - the shape of colorful Tang Sancai, it can generally be divided into animals, and people living appliances three categories, but especially in the majority of animals. Tang Sancai unearthed from now classification point of view is largely divided into animal, utensils, and three types of characters, particularly in the majority of animals, and this was probably related to the historical background, horse in ancient China is one of the important means of transport people on the battlefield Ma needs, farmers need to plow horse, the horse also needs transportation, so the Tang Sancai unearthed horse more. The second is the camel will be more, and this may be related to the time foreign trade, camel trek was one of the vehicle, and need along the Silk Road camel as transport. So, artisans it is reflected in the crafts. The figures generally palace maid more, this is reflected in the imperial court life.
Horse shape more plump, this horse breed, said to be from the Western tribute was over there, and so we are seeing now is not the same as the shape of a little horse, the horse's hips rather fatty, relatively wide neck. Don styling characteristics, it is mainly static, but static in the drive, you see that this is a vigil horse. But by depicting the eye of the horse, the horse's eye is carved triangular eyes are wide open, and is close to the horse's ears, and it seemed to listen or hear what happened, like, through this details to portray the inner spirit displayed Don and internal rhythm, see also Carpenter Gao Chao craftsmanship of the people.
Glaze - Tang Sancai Another feature is the glaze. At the same time as using red, green or white glaze on a piece of artifacts, which was originally pioneered in the Tang Dynasty, but artisans and clever use of glazing method, red, green and white color, it staggered, between wrong to use, then later at a high temperature after high temperature firing, pouring melt flow slip glaze and form a unique technology flows, after the kiln, three-color becomes a lot of color, it has a primary color, there are complex color, there and colors, people can see is mottled dripping of a variety of color, which is characteristic of Tang Sancai glaze.
Tang Sancai utensils body rounded, plump, plump Tang Dynasty and art, bodybuilding, wide master feature is consistent. Colorful Tang Sancai style, can generally be divided into animals, and people living appliances three categories, but especially in the majority of animals. The proportion of three-color figures and animals of moderate, natural shape, smooth lines and lively. In character figurines, muscular warrior, angry staring eyes, rattling; female figurines are buns wide sleeves, Kingston Li Yu, leisurely elegance, very plump. Animals horses and camels as much.
Origin - the origin of Tang Sancai Xian, Luoyang, Yangzhou is the connection point of the ancient Silk Road on land and at sea. On the ancient Silk Road, the main vehicle of the Tang Dynasty camel. It is conceivable that in the desert, and the camel trek, had each other, so there is a sense of intimacy and their camels. It was tall shape and weight determination look, it seems also with the Silk Road Miles dust.