Guilin Ling Qu Canal
Guilin Ling Qu Canal, also known as Mio drainage, drainage zero, Qin chisel canal, said Dou Ming and Qing Dynasties. Republic of China, also known as Hunan, Guangxi canal. It is located in Xing'an County, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Because it communicate the Xiangjiang River and the Lijiang River to connect the Yangtze and Pearl River two major river systems, from the Qin Dynasty to the Republic of thousand years to become the only traffic channel Lingnan and the Central Plains. Efficacious Canal was dug in which year, history is silent, it can only be inferred facts. According to historical data, the emperor in twenty-six years (221 BC) and finally destroy Qi unified the world for thirty Counties. Prior to this, it can not be cut Lingqu. After unified the Lingnan left only to send 500,000 troops. Even Qin Jun made full preparations, he sent his troops time, it will not earlier than twenty-seven years of Qin Shi Huang (220 BC). According to Liu An, "Huainanzi world training" records, the emperor "and benefit the more the horns: elephant tooth, jade, gem, Naishi Wei Sui sent death five hundred thousand to five army: Ridge a military plug mandala of; a military defensive nine Yi of the plug; an army at Panyu capital; keep an army of the south field; a military balance of dry water, three years puzzled a crossbow relaxation, the supervisor Paul not to hold grain Road Death rates again chisel canal and through. to war with the people, kill West vomit Jun Song called on the translation, and the more everyone who Cong book with animals, the Moken Qin Krupp "here, Liu An has written very clearly, five hundred thousand Qin Jun points is Rd, pointing to five Yi mountain, thin ridge, Qitianling, Dupangling, five Yamaguchi YUECHENGLING, and now to Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi march. But to Guangxi, Guangdong march Qin Jun did not go well, the more literal-minded to the people of stubborn resistance. Qin Jun force "for three years puzzled relaxation A crossbow", we are unable to forage supply, which thus "death again and drilled canal through food channel."
We believe that Qin Shi Huang sent his army to twenty-seven years to the South, played three years later decided to chisel ling qu, it should start cutting drainage time in twenty-nine years after Qin Shi Huang (218 BC). To thirty-three years (214 BC) hewn navigation, Lingqu excavation took nearly four years.
Qin troops to the huge, with four years, cut ling qu, basically successful. Therefore, we believe the time Lingqu cut, should First Emperor twenty-nine to thirty-three years (before 218 a 214 years ago).
Why excavation of Qin Shi Huang Ling Qu? The above historical data has made it very clear. It is to transport soldiers to forage. Before Lingqu not cut, Qin forage by human hands are bad luck, even with the car, insurance Lingnan high mountains, rugged road, how much a car can transport? Plus transport personnel in the long-distance transport in their consumption of food can be shipped to the front lines even less. In the local raise grain Well, the Lingnan region was sparsely populated by slash and burn farming, production is very low, and the more human beings to escape the deep forests, and animal husbandry, Qin Jun where to find food? No food, and that dare to underestimate the enemy in depth? Only a protracted war. Qin Jun called "A relaxation crossbow three years puzzled" reason here.
After Lingqu hewn, Qin Jun have adequate forage, so the big bang, go ahead, then that is unified Lingnan. After the occupation of Lingnan, troops guarding, also guaranteed. By Ling Qu, Qin also a large number of immigrants from the Central Plains to the South, to speed up the national integration and accelerate the development of the Lingnan economy, strengthen cultural exchanges, to safeguard national unity, consolidating frontier defense of the motherland, played a very important effect. Ling Qu said later, "through rivers, and through the Five Ridges", meaning the great, the function of the Kiwi later, is self-evident. In addition, the brilliant achievements alone on the water conservancy construction, to date, still emits brilliant luster. It is the world's oldest extant of a canal, its water conservancy construction, has created some of the world's most ancient, with a high scientific content, makes us feel proud.
(Old Boat Tour) into the area - South steep Court (boat, zither playing, is about 2 km) - Magpie Bridge - flying stone - Discharge Balance - Tao Zhu Bridge - Su Bridge - Water Street - end of the tour.
(Antique travel) into resort - explain the chamber (aqueous Lingqu panoramic view and FIG explain sandbox model) - Mei-Ling Bridge - four Yin Temple - bridge-like - Steep South Court - Balance Size - Hua mouth - - South steep Court (antique boat ride, zither playing, is about 2 km) - Magpie bridge - flying stone - Discharge balance - Tao Zhu bridge - Su bridge - water Street - the end of the tour.
(Qin dam, Lingqu ancient site + Old Boat Tour) (Antique Tour) into the area - explain Room (river view and Ling Qu panorama sand table model diagram to explain) - Mei Ling Bridge - Four Yin Temple - champion bridge - - South steep Court - the size of the balance - Hua mouth - South steep Court (antique boat ride, zither playing, is about 2 km) - Magpie bridge - flying stone - Discharge balance - Tao Zhu bridge - - Su bridge - water Street - end of the tour.
Address: Guangxi Guilin Anxian
Highway: You can take (Guilin region - Xing'an Ling Qu) in Guilin Long Distance Bus Station after the tour bus in Xing'an county bus that is to ride 2
Train: Xing'an Railway Station - Ling Qu (1.5 km) Guilin South Railway Station - Xing'an (66 km)
Aircraft: Guilin Liangjiang International Airport Guilin - Xing'an Ling Qu (+ highway highway 60 km
Car lines: Guilin departure traveling along State Road 322 to Xing'an County, Guangxi Xing after the South - that is to Qin Road