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Xi'an Drum Tower brackets construction and painting art

OHTN2017-10-24Wes lee
Ancient Chinese architecture reflects Chinese culture and arts of broad and far-reaching, and the pavilion building is the largest country in the world, one of the richest architectural style type. In the existing size of more than two thousand seat pavil

Ancient Chinese architecture reflects Chinese culture and arts of broad and far-reaching, and the pavilion building is the largest country in the world, one of the richest architectural style type. In the existing size of more than two thousand seat pavilion ancient buildings, Xi'an Drum Tower can be described as the largest, oldest and best preserved one. Today, I focus on to introduce the brackets construction and painting art Xian Drum Tower. First introduced brackets structure. "Brackets" of ancient wooden architecture is unique to China branch take part, located in capitals, between the architrave and the roof, mainly by the "bucket" shaped pieces of wood and "arch" shaped elbow criss-cross laminated wood. Because there is support brackets and take the load pick-layer effect, it can pick out the far-reaching eaves level. Brackets structure (pattern) first appeared in the Zhou Dynasty bronze on the country, the trend in the mature period of the Tang Dynasty, the most important feature of huge vigorous; brackets to the Ming and Qing Dynasties slim body and forms, often widely used in high-grade buildings.

Xi'an Yan Liang Guan Shan cattle pull the drums

- Drum Tower -

In the extant monuments we can see wishful brackets, flat brackets, flat dark brackets, brackets and other well grid. In appearance with a stack of brackets and cross-Ang pick buttressing formula Fang Fang type etc., and the protruding decorative effect, just as "Metrical Fu" describe as "disc plate Yan, Yan, vortex peak aqueous humor", each kinds of brackets are woven into geometric patterns into dense, rigorous and beautiful, after all, a Chinese craftsmen who create results absolutism, was listed as the world's five unique building system in China building system for the Chinese construction considerably.

House of Xi'an Drum Tower eaves of the main structure is complex house style. The first layer is set back peace seat; the second layer eave brackets are painted green Zhong Yan Shanding style, two floors, the whole building seemed structured, rich colors, Wealthy Church Huang. And historical stage of development to adapt, brackets have been given color grade, as early as the Tang Dynasty Kaiyuan twenty-five years' construction and repair order, "a book there are kings and the following officials shall not use heavy arches in its residential construction ban from another side and mapping out the supreme imperial power.

Xi'an Yan Liang Guan Shan cattle pull the drums

Building painting, one of the main features of traditional architecture in China. Rich ruby ​​color depicted in a variety of patterns, both decorative effect, but also to protect the wood. The origin of the use of classical Chinese painting of buildings dating back to the Spring and Autumn Period. Painted Qin and Han Dynasty mostly dragon, moire, brocade-based; to the Northern and Southern Dynasties, classical painting has absorbed the characteristics of Buddhist art, appeared as Sarah Juancao petals and other new pattern. Ming and Qing Dynasties painting art has developed to a very high level, roughly divided into three categories: painting and Xi, Revolving painting and Soviet-style painting. The first two categories rigorous design rules, the latter pattern is diverse, highlighting the noble and beautiful features. In Chinese feudal society, the use of color building also has a strict hierarchy restrictions; gold, pearl, yellow most honorable, only for monarchs and nobles architectural symbol of imperial power: blue, green, followed mansion for all the officials; gray black is the lowest level for housing construction poor people. Drum Tower and the inner wall of the wind outside do not adopt Lek powder paste and painted gold and Xi roton painting, a boutique of ancient buildings painted as.

Drum Tower Ming Hongwu 10 years (AD 1380) a rectangular base, north-south width of 37 meters, 52 meters east to west. Today, the wind and rain fetters of ancient architecture with its unique architecture and beautiful art form and rich cultural heritage, tells of the profound Chinese history to thousands of foreign tourists, is today northwest of development and Xi'an takeoff play a role in the new era.

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