Beijing Tiantan Park
Temple of Heaven is located in Chongwen District Yongding Avenue Road East. Ming and Qing dynasties emperor worship heaven was originally a place of God, before the Ming Yongle eighteen years (1420), later through continuous expansion, to the Qing Emperor Qianlong final completion. Temple of Heaven covers an area of 2.73 million square meters main building has Qiniandian, Circular Mound, the Imperial Vault, Itsuki, Kagura Department, sacrifice and so on. 1918 into the park.
Temple of Heaven is divided into inner and outer altar, the altar by the Circular Mound, pray Valley altar of two parts, the northern part of the altar is pray Valley altar, south of the altar is the Circular Mound Altar, a 360 m-long bridge Danbi put together two altar, the main building of the altar is concentrated in the two ends of Dan PI bridge, Danbi the southern end of the bridge there is the Circular Mound, the imperial Vault, northern end qiniandian, Wong dry temple. Dan PI bridge, also known as sea grab Road, is a huge brick Taiwanese high, and also the main axis of the building of the Temple of Heaven. Dan PI bridge on the east side of the Temple of Heaven built outbuildings and ritual functions to adapt: slaughter pavilion, kitchen god, God libraries. Dan PI bridge on the west side Itsuki, Itsuki was held before the emperor heaven worship places were fasting. Altar outside the forest, plant more trees, outside the altar of God Music Department southwest, is a place for training exercises and ritual worship ritual music and dance students of Ming and Qing Dynasties.
Kagura Department, Itsuki are outbuildings altar, is the ritual ceremony of service space, so Itsuki, Kagura Department are sitting west to east, the building size, color tiles, decorative painting are inferior to worship the Temple of Heaven architecture, strongly expressed the ancient Chinese idea of "respect." There are more than 3500 Gusong Bo Temple of Heaven, guhuai, over hundreds of years old. Altars namely "pine tree to" take "respect and knowledge of" at the time of ancient China known as the "eternal inalienable" of the country it is based in ancient China attaches great importance to the early planting of temples built in Beijing World altar Ming Yongle meaning after replanting after another dynasty, the Qing dynasty to the middle of the formation of large-scale community Tiantan trees. A lot of Gu Songbo distributed around the circular mound, Qiniandian and other ritual buildings, green trees and old buildings, Jessica green grass constitute the solemn Temple of Heaven, profound quiet ambience.
When Beijing began to build from the beginning of heaven and earth altar Ming Yongle eighteen years (1420), Temple of Heaven as a dedicated altar of emperor worship heaven God's history has lasted 490 years, the outbreak of the 1911 Revolution is over two thousand years of feudal China monarchy, ending the history of worship throughout China five thousand years of history, the Temple of Heaven was dedicated to the emperor worship services from "fancy tour," the Republic of China government in 1918 turned into the Temple of Heaven Park, the implementation of ticket sales open. In 1951 the government established the Temple of Heaven in Beijing Management Department, the Temple of Heaven in 1957 was included in the first batch of ancient Beijing cultural relics protection units. In 1961 the State Council was included in the first batch of national key cultural relics protection units.
In recent years, the Temple of Heaven heritage conservation, landscaping work has made considerable progress. After the reform and opening up, protection of cultural relics by the importance of the Temple of Heaven, all aspects of the management has been strengthened, clean up a lot of non-landscape architecture, garden units move in and occupy the vacated old buildings, after 80 years, has gradually completed the construction of infrastructure repairs and maintenance of the park altar ancient architecture has been further improved. 1992 Circular Mound Altar inside and outside repair damage Stargate 24, 1993 Huanqiu hope of rehabilitation poles, and later gradually rebuilding the northeast outside the altar wall, rebuilt the south God kitchen, three reservoirs, slaughter kiosks. Temple of Heaven in order to maintain the beautiful environment and atmosphere of worship, the Temple of Heaven on the one hand to implement natural lawn garden management, on the other hand a large area of land for planting artificial grass, planting trees to improve the green coverage and the use of pollution-free pest control methods are plant protection, pole earth to improve the ecological environment of the Temple of Heaven formed a magnificent landscape wife wife grass and towering cypresses glorified.
Temple of Heaven Park, the existing area of 2.05 million square meters, the preservation pray Valley altar, the Circular Mound Altar, Itsuki, Kagura Department four groups of ancient buildings, ancient buildings of more than 92 600 is China is the world's largest existing, Heaven shape most complete ancient building complex.
Temple of Heaven there are nine Cypress, seven stone, Oasis Well, look lamp, wood stove fly weary widow Hom and other monuments. Temple of Heaven Park, a variety of trees more than 60,000 strains, more than 3,500 strains of Gusong Bo, guhuai green area of 1.63 million square meters, the environment quiet awe-inspiring, solemn solemn atmosphere. QiNianDian towering magnificent, holy lofty circle mound, elegant and dignified Itsuki, thousands of trees are located in the shade, forming a unique landscape of temples. Temple of Heaven became world-famous scenic spots a set of ancient Chinese architecture, acoustics, history, astronomy, music, dance and other achievements in one.
UNESCO World Heritage Committee commented Temple of Heaven: Temple of Heaven is a masterpiece of architecture and landscape design, simple and clearly reflect one of the world's great Wen Ming.
In 1998 the UNESCO World Heritage Committee included the Temple of Heaven, the World Heritage List. Tiantan unique historical and cultural connotation, valuable scientific and artistic value of the beautiful landscape of the world gained wider awareness and concern. The Temple of Heaven is the altar of the ancient Chinese emperor, and it is the crystallization of China's long cultural heaven, its magnificent architecture, lush trees, a rich collection of artifacts both documented ancient Chinese ancestors look forward and hope, also recorded the wisdom of feudal emperors , stupid and decadent.
Temple of Heaven Ming and Qing dynasties emperor "Heaven," "Bridging the Valley" option located in the Zhengyang outside the east side. Domain circular altar north, south square, meaning "hemispherical dome." Ring around the altar wall of two, the whole altar into the altar, two outer portions altar, a total area of 273 hectares, construction mainly focused on the altar.
The altar to the north and south walls are divided into two. North to "pray Valley altar" to pray for the spring harvest, the center of the building is qiniandian. South as "the Circular Mound Altar" specifically for "Winter Solstice" May Heaven, the center of the building is a large circular stone, the name "Circular Mound." To 360 meters between two altar a long corridor above the ground - Danbi bridge connected together form a north-south length of 1200 meters Axes Temple of Heaven, a large area on both sides Gu Bolin.
West door on the south side has a "Itsuki," the former emperor worship fasting residence. Altar outside the West has a "divine music department" in charge of ritual music and dance teaching learning and playing. Altar inside the main building has Qiniandian, Wong dry Temple, Huan Qiu, Imperial Vault of Heaven, Itsuki, no temple beams, promenade, bicyclic Wan Shouting, etc., as well as whispering gallery, three-tone stone, seven stone monuments.
The temple was built in the Ming Yongle eighteen years (1420), but also by Jiajing, the Qing Emperor Qianlong, etc. towards enlargement, reconstruction, building magnificent and solemn environment. After the founding of New China, the state of the heritage of the Temple of Heaven a lot of money, protection and maintenance. Temple of Heaven going through the vicissitudes of its profound cultural connotation, magnificent architecture style, became portrayal of ancient oriental civilization.
Temple of Heaven set the Ming and Qing architectural art of Dacheng, China's ancient treasures, Heaven is the world's largest buildings. In 1961, the State Council announced the Temple of Heaven as a "national cultural heritage." 1998 was recognized by UNESCO as "World Cultural Heritage."
Scenic address Tiantan Road overpass east side of Dongcheng District, Beijing
Car lines: take the bus and get off at the Temple of Heaven 6,34,35,36,39,41,43,60,116,610,707,723,743,958,957 Road station.