Beijing courtyard of traditional Chinese culture
Although the courtyard residential buildings, but contains a profound cultural connotation, it is the carrier of traditional Chinese culture. Courtyard of the building extremely particular about feng shui, feng shui theory, is actually an ancient Chinese building environment is an important part of traditional Chinese architectural theory; courtyard decoration, carving, painting also always reflect the folk customs and traditional culture, showing people happy, beautiful, wealthy, and the pursuit of good luck, such as a pattern with bats, consisting of longevity, meaning "happiness and longevity"; placement rose in vase with pattern, meaning "Four seasons peace"; and hairpin embedded in the door, the door head Ji Xiang speech language, attached to hold column couplets and paintings hung in the room works, but is a sage of the old saying, the famous collection of ancient and modern, or Maison mountains and rivers, or Ming learn life skills, or chant swan, elegance in every possible way, full of rich cultural atmosphere, like a temple of traditional Chinese culture.
- Beijing courtyard model -
Beijing courtyard because of a long history and famous. The reason that the "courtyard", because such houses from the main building (facing the South), the back seat (South Block), the east wing and west wing enclosure made of four houses, the shape of word of mouth, which is a central courtyard, this courtyard houses referred courtyard.
According to the existing heritage data analysis, building than 2,000 years ago, there appeared in the form of the courtyard.
For a long time, Chinese people form a soft spot for this kind of building courtyard, not only palaces, temples, official form for the courtyard of the pattern, but also widely used in residential areas around the courtyard. However, as long as people mention courtyard, they naturally think of Beijing courtyard. Since the Yuan Dynasty capital of Beijing official, with the palace courtyard to Beijing, the Government Office, blocks and alleys Square Lane also appeared. At that time, Kublai Hu Bilie "over the old city residents of the capital's Chao to Riches high (rich) and ranking job (worked at the court) for the first person, it is tailored to the eight acres as a minute", and give the government moved to Beijing Jia residential construction, Beijing traditional courtyard house are thus large-scale form.
Since the Ming and Qing dynasties, Beijing courtyard basic form of residence has been formed, and continue to improve, more in line with people's residency requirements, forming a courtyard in the form we see today.
Beijing courtyard itself is not a patent, people have been found in the courtyard Qishan site between West anniversary, many places outside Beijing also have surrounded the house into a "courtyard", but Beijing courtyard is definitely regarded as a variety of the courtyard boutique.