Beijing folk custom: Mid-Autumn festival
Mid-Autumn festival, the lunar August 15, one of China's traditional festivals.There are many theories about the origin of the festival, and there are many legends and traditions about the day.The Mid-Autumn festival and the Spring Festival, the qingming festival and the Dragon Boat Festival are called the four traditional festivals of the han nationality in China.The Mid-Autumn festival has been listed as a national holiday since 2008.The state attaches great importance to the protection of intangible cultural heritage. On 20 May 2006, the festival was approved by the state council to be listed in the first national intangible cultural heritage list.
The 15th day of the 8th lunar month is the traditional Chinese festival, the Mid-Autumn festival.The Mid-Autumn festival and the Spring Festival, the qingming festival and the Dragon Boat Festival are the four traditional festivals of the Chinese nation.The word "Mid-Autumn festival" was first seen in "the zhou li".
According to the historical records, the festival of the ancient emperors was held on the 15th day of the 8th lunar month.Because this festival falls in August, it is also called "autumn festival", "August festival", "August meeting", "Mid-Autumn festival";There are also faith and related customs activities to pray for reunion, so it is also known as the "reunion festival" and "girls' day".The main activities of the Mid-Autumn festival are around the "moon", so it is also known as the "moon festival", "the moon festival", "the festival of the moon", "the festival of the moon festival" and "the worship of the moon".During the tang dynasty, the Mid-Autumn festival was also called "normal month".The popularity of the Mid-Autumn festival began in the song dynasty, and the Ming and qing dynasties became one of the main festivals in China.About the origin of the Mid-Autumn festival, there are roughly three kinds: the worship of the moon in the ancient times, the custom of the song and song to be found in the lunar month, the ancient fall of the god of the land.In order to pass on national culture and strengthen national cohesion, the Mid-Autumn festival has been listed as a national holiday by the state council since 2008.The state attaches great importance to the protection of intangible cultural heritage. On 20 May 2006, the festival was approved by the state council to be listed in the first national intangible cultural heritage list.
The origin of the Mid-Autumn festival
The word "Mid-Autumn festival" was first seen in "the zhou li".According to the ancient Chinese calendar, the Mid-Autumn festival falls on the 15th day of the 8th month of the lunar calendar.There are four seasons in a year, and each season is divided into three parts: meng, zhong, and season. Therefore, in the autumn, the middle of the autumn is called zhong qiu, and in the early years of the tang dynasty, the Mid-Autumn festival has become a fixed festival."The fifth music of the new tang book," the fifth rites of music, "the spring, the Mid-Autumn festival, the king, the king of the emperor," and "in the first year of the year of kaiyuan, the temple of taigong, the father of taigong, is to be accompanied by zhang liang."Chinese spring, the Mid-Autumn festival, the sacrifice, the animal, the musical system such as wen.The Mid-Autumn festival is also called the midautumn festival, the reunion festival, the eighth lunar month and so on, which is also the second most traditional festival after the Spring Festival.The popularity of the Mid-Autumn festival began in the song dynasty, and the Ming and qing dynasties became one of the main festivals in China.
Mid-Autumn moon cakes for Mid-Autumn festival
The origin of the moon cake is a variety of origins.Said at the end of yuan dynasty, jiangsu taizhou against yuan insurgent leaders gathering (or zhu yuanzhang counsellor liu bowen) using the Mid-Autumn festival people give each other a round cake, entrainment in the cake "August 15 night to kill the dalai son" note, you see the note in the cake, news and keep in the night together hand blade marauding "dalai son" (soldiers), every eat cake to celebrate after the uprising victory, and the call of the Mid-Autumn festival moon cakes.In the later years, even at the end of the last century, many mooncakes had a little piece of paper on them!Unfortunately, the mooncakes have disappeared from the small pieces of paper in recent years, and the mooncakes contain the "cultural codes" that have been passed down from generation to generation.Otherwise for Monday, Ming hongwu, general attack managed under the yuan dynasty remnants of yuan dynasty, Beijing, nanjing, capital of the good news to playing chess of zhu yuanzhang ecstatic, namely the oracle celebrate Mid-Autumn festival, and will pass information when the yuanta uprising mooncakes reward subjects.Mooncakes have since become the "legal" food of the Mid-Autumn festival.
Moon cake market as the years of the republic of China, nanjing wide (help), su (help) and local (help) to produce the "three points", extensive pattern of stuffing is given priority to with ham, jujube paste, coconut and so on, manufacturers, led by crown living garden, and the second has a triple double, Eden, etc.They used a huge advertising campaign as a means of publishing a huge advertisement in the newspaper and decorating the Windows with neon lights.The famous su gang has a small suzhou, taiping village and rice fragrant village.The quality of su - style moon cake is not inferior to guang gang, and the price is more than cheap. Therefore, it is better to take stock after the festival.The customers of the guanggang are the dignitaries and wealthy merchants.Su gang's customers are mostly well-off people;While the masses of ordinary citizens hasten this help, although its stuffing but are two five kernel, vegetables salt and pepper, the whole city more than 100 this help snack shop shop let DianMao also same, neither window display, more do not advertise, but depends on the quality and integrity, and low price to win customers, market share is relatively wide for the help, Sue.
Dragon dance for the Mid-Autumn festival
Dragon dance is the most traditional custom of the Mid-Autumn festival.From the 14th day of the 8th lunar month, the causeway bay area has been held for three nights in a grand ceremony.The dragon, more than 70 meters long, was filled with a long life of long life with a 332 dragon body made of pearl grass.The night of the festival, the streets and alleys of this district, a winding and rolling fire dragon dancing in the light with the dragon drum music, is very lively.Hong Kong the origin of the Mid-Autumn festival dance dragon and a period of legend: a long time ago, hole area after a cyclone hit, there was a snake, evil around, searching for the villagers and finally killed it.But the next day the python disappeared.A few days later, a plague struck the crater.At this time, in the village, the father and the father always have the bodhisattva dream, say that as long as the Mid-Autumn festival dancing fire dragon, can drive the plague away.It was a coincidence that it worked.Since then, the dance has been around since then.
No matter how many superstitions this legend has, China is the home of the dragon, which has been around for more than a century in Hong Kong, and it is worth cherishing.The dance dragon in the great pit area is very large, except for the general manager, coach, general command and command, safety group and so on.More than 30, 000 dragon dancers.