National Museum of China
National Museum of China in Beijing's central Tiananmen Square on the eastern side, the south side of East Chang An Avenue, the Great Hall of the symmetrical layout, is a system to show the Chinese long cultural history of the comprehensive museum. National Museum of China organized on the basis of the original Museum of Chinese History and the Museum of Chinese Revolution on the original, 2003 February 28 was formally established. The original two museums into one, the central hall for the community, the northern half of the original Chinese Revolutionary Museum, the southern half of the original Museum of Chinese History.
National Museum of China signs the building started in November 1958, the Great Hall built in 1959 and at the same time. Beijing is one of the ten buildings in 1959, the 10th anniversary of the founding. In the same year October 1, National Day tenth anniversary, began to receive visitors. July 1961 formally opened. The whole building 313 meters long from north to south, east-west width of 149 meters, with a total construction area of 69,000 square meters. Wings and the central portion of the central four-layer construction, the rest of three layers. In the total population, the 24 square columns make up the rich style of the Chinese giant hole 11 square pillar porch, both ends of the porch are two columns of up to 39.83 m floor. Gallery on the amount of yellow and red stone inlaid into the multi-faceted national emblem surrounded by red flag People's Republic of China. Pale yellow walls and glass bricks set into golden green roof, bright colors.
Chinese History Museum
Chinese History Museum, formerly known as July 9, 1912 the establishment of the "National Museum of History Preparatory Office." October 1, 1949, the same day the establishment of the People's Republic of China, changed its name to "Beijing National Museum of History", under the Ministry of Culture of the Central People's Government in 1959 changed its name to "China Museum of History." Chinese History Museum is to collect, collection, study and presentation of China's largest museum of historical relics. Museum exhibition area of 8,000 square meters, exhibits 9000, "Chinese history on display" is the basic display of the museum's first floor exhibit primitive society - part of the Northern and Southern Dynasties, Sui and Tang dynasties second floor - part of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Visitors can browse this a three-dimensional image of China ", fifteen" history, a prelude to the hall hung with huge three-dimensional map of China, decorated with ancient astronomical instruments measuring recovery model armillary sphere and simple instrument of celestial coordinates. From the display of the content dating back 1.7 million years ago, Yuanmou person, the year before the Opium War in 1840 to date. According to the process of development of ancient Chinese history, is divided into three parts primitive society, slave society and feudal society, the exhibition includes artifacts, charts, models and text, the system reflects the process of development of ancient Chinese history, specifically showing ancient China major historical events from different historical periods, and the creation of outstanding figures. In addition, regularly holds special exhibitions about aspects of history, archeology, heritage and the like.
China is the Chinese History Museum collection of their ancient and modern cultural relics and historical studies and scientific issues related to academic institutions, collection of artifacts total of 620,000; General History of the main display to China, an area of 8,000 square meters, about 9,000 pieces of cultural relics on display . In addition the museum regularly holds special exhibitions about aspects of history, archeology, heritage and the like. Museum ring is also arranged to rest gallery.
History Treasures on display China's top cultural relics, including the Han Dynasty jade burial suit, Soochow celadon sheep, Tang Sancai, ceramic sculpture Warring States, these artifacts often seen in the history textbooks in school.
History often come from other provinces, short-term foreign museum exhibition, Japan, Italy, Greece, Egypt and other countries have national treasures on display here.
And China is the Chinese Revolutionary Museum Collection 1840 - Institutional information revolution in modern China between 1950. The main display is the history of modern Chinese revolution.
Museum of Chinese Revolution
Formerly known as the Revolutionary Museum of China was established in March 1950, the Preparatory Office of the National Museum of the Revolution. 1960, officially named "Chinese Revolutionary Museum." Chinese Revolutionary Museum covering 8,000 square meters, is a collection China since the Opium War in 1840, the revolutionary historical relics of modern and contemporary, reproduced from the Opium War in 1840 until 1949. The People's Republic of China 100 years of modern history overview of the development of China. Research and the National Museum of Chinese propaganda socialist revolution and construction history. China is now the modern and contemporary collection of artifacts largest museum, the basic display is "modern China" and "Contemporary China." Often with the celebrations and meet the needs of the community organized or co-organized special exhibitions.
Museum display profiles
National Museum of China organized on the basis of the original Museum of Chinese History and the Museum of Chinese Revolution on the original. National Museum of China was formally established in 2003 February 28, directly under the Ministry of Culture. It is a historical and art-oriented, comprehensive system to show a long cultural history museum of the Chinese nation. Collection of cultural relics collection, archeology, collection, research, exhibition in one, the system will reflect the collections of precious cultural relics of ancient China, modern, contemporary history. China's top cultural relics on display, often seen in the history textbooks.
China National Museum of Chinese History to display the basic mainly by organizing different forms of exhibitions on historical, archaeological and cultural relics on display a variety of topics, as well as temporary exhibitions, permanent exhibitions and international exchange exhibitions and other donations, to show to the public system China's long history and culture, outstanding traditional and contemporary mainstream culture spirit, and comprehensive display of the great historical process of the Chinese nation and the brilliant cultural propaganda, introduced the world's outstanding culture and Wen Ming. By a high level of history, archeology, heritage science, museology research, and constantly enrich and deepen public understanding and awareness of history and culture, to promote the development of the museum. The National Museum will become the center of the capital region an important place for the public to enjoy the culture of high-grade.
National Museum of China is China's national collection of ancient and modern cultural relics and historical studies and scientific issues related to academic institutions, collections of cultural relics collection of 620,000, and have a professional conservation, restoration teams and world-class equipment. Archaeological research capabilities of the National Museum of Underwater Archeology owned, specialized agencies and airborne remote sensing field archeology archeology of photography. Museum of Underwater Archeology Research Center of the genus is China's only professional organization of underwater archeology, underwater archeology with a professional team and advanced technology and equipment, belongs to "Chinese underwater archeology training base" in 2003 in Yangjiang City, Guangdong Province, Ling Island. Independent release publication: "Chinese historical relics" (bimonthly, ISSN 1671-5357).
National Museum of China in 2007, carried out renovation and expansion project, completed in 2010 renovation and expansion, the construction area of 65,000 square meters to 15 square meters, one of the largest museums in the world's area. West, south, and north side of the museum overall retention, reinforcement renovation and maintenance. The new museum section embedded in the middle of the old museum and eastward expansion. Consistent with the architectural style of the old museum, the old museum building is now slightly higher than the body. National Museum of China after the renovation and expansion project to complete the main part of cultural relics preservation area, showcasing district, district social education, academic research area, public activity area, leisure services area, administrative business office area, etc., to further improve the facilities, and supporting modernization. In terms of cultural relics, the exhibition scale, the hardware facilities or personnel from the combination have reached a scale and level their match, the museum has become the international advanced level.
National Museum of China under Beijing New Culture Movement Memorial Hall. Located in Dongcheng District No. 29 Fourth Street, is built on the memorial site of the former Red House Peking University, founded the New Culture Movement Memorial Hall preparatory office in July 2001, April 2002 officially opened. Generally known as "Red House." In 1919, there was the cradle of the great May Fourth Movement; in 1961, the Red House State Council promulgated a national key cultural relics protection units.
Chinese new National Museum
In the curious eyes of foreign tourists, the cost of 2.5 billion yuan, the National Museum, which lasted nearly four years of renovation and expansion with a new look quietly grand appearance, again stands at the east side of Tiananmen Square. Kunihiro building's facade despite refurbished, but still maintains its original architectural appearance and style; inside the spacious hall, bright colors, decorated solemn atmosphere. Kunihiro curator Lu Zhang Kokoshin, whether it is expanded from 65,000 square meters to 192,000 square meters of building area, or a variety of hardware facilities, the country Bo after the renovation and expansion have reached or exceeded the level of developed countries in the world of modern museums.
The new National Museum building surface appearance of 200,000 square meters, 20,000 square meters green roof, called the world's largest museum. The collection of artifacts more than 1 million, is expected after the opening of the annual reception audience of 10 million people. CCTV new museum site visits country Bo, deputy director of the National Museum of exclusive dialogue are sea-river.
Bo hall into the country, giving a strong impression that a combination of traditional and modern design, yet magnificent Chinese characteristics, elements of traditional culture can be seen everywhere in the design of the new museum, such as the lobby is on the door Tiananmen Square, is seven traditional bronze hollow bronze doors, ornamentation from ancient bronze objects. Central hall is a large stone relief "determination and courage", odd architecture, the beauty of decoration, all visitors to linger.
Deputy director of the National Museum of the river to the sea are summarized into the National Museum of the newly completed three harmonious.
The new National Museum of the ground a total of three exhibition halls, the north-south symmetry. More than 1000 square meters of exhibition hall 49, which is the largest exhibition hall of the permanent exhibition of the basement where the (ancient China), with an area of 10,000 square meters, single-layer height of nearly 40 meters. Wherein the art gallery "north-south axis" 330 meters long. Exterior style, fitting place, how facilities, how to function, all sea Jiang, deputy director, said the extended hours, to broaden the scope of services is also one of the important initiatives. Theater, cinema, using a separate way ticket, in addition to the audience to enjoy time outside during the day and open at night can be a special watch.
Opening hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 8:30 am to 16:30 under (15:30 stop collar votes)
Admission: Free every day 3,000 people receive the audience (the audience which groups 2,000 people, 1,000 people scattered audience)
Note: The specific exhibitions and ticket sales to the museum announced prevail.
The east side of Tiananmen Square in Dongcheng District: Address
Tiananmen station: 1,2,4,10,20,37,52,54,120,728,802, Laid 1
Qianmen station: 2,5,7,9,17,20,22,44,48,53,54,59,66, 110,120,337,703,726,729,742,744,803, 808,819 , 821,826,848,859,922,309 branch, section 922, 101 PHL, PHL-101, Patent 2, Patent 4, 7 Laid
Metro: line: Tiananmen East Station; Link: Qianmen Station
Parking: National Museum of China on the north side parking lot; China National Museum of temporary office location: Chaoyang District, Building 26 Zuojiazhuang Jingan
Jingan station: 110,104 fast (Liu Fang suburban railway station - Beijing West Station)
Jing Zhuang station: 104 Fast (Liu Fang suburban railway station - Beijing Railway Station West), 18,300,302,367,379,419,467, especially 8