Old Beijing folk custom temple fair
Commonly known as the Temple City, is both a market form, is often combined with Buddhist and Taoist religious activities. Beijing temple legend, originated in the Liao Dynasty (AD 907-1125 years), known as the "Spring has been on." Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasty, Beijing temple fairs further rise. Beijing temple can be roughly divided into three categories: First, open regular monthly rotation of the temple. These latter part of the temple gradually evolved into a commercial, entertainment bazaar. As Fusi, Gokokuji, Baita Temple, Earth Temple, like flower market. Second, the traditional festival of Buddha or a combination of the two Religion festival traditionally open temporary temple. Such as: shut the front door to the temple, Friday marked the God of wealth, the Great Bell Temple, Huangsi, Black Temple, the Lama Temple, peach Palace, Miaofengshan, Wat Pho and so on. This feature of the temple is the main religious activities, both daily necessities, children's toys for sale, folk artists to this show. Third, trade fair, the past few industries have the ordinances of the founder of the festival, once a year. Combined with the industry are generally held the day of the birth of the founder of "good will." For example early August to the third day Chongwenmenwai flower market are Zao Jun Temple (kitchen line); the fifth of May Andingmenwai Bliss forest (wood tile line) and March 29 Fengtai flower Temple (flower), has good will.
In addition, some famous temples, the temple also has regular opening reception of pilgrims practices, but there is no fair trade and the performing arts, not a temple.
Beijing regularly open the temple every month:
Earth Temple - the Earth Temple under Byway (formerly known as Ash Street) in Xuanwumen South Side Road West, was built in the Yuan Dynasty. Qing lunar month every three (three days, thirteen, twenty-third) to open the temple, after the Republic of China replaced the Gregorian calendar month every three open temple. After sealing the thirties gradually into purely commercial market. According to the "Yanjing Diary" contains: "three days every month, gather in South Earth Temple, mortal furniture and other objects, complete with Mibu, and most who feather broom son, Chi Yu shorter, the higher Zhang Yu, . Wang Maolin it like a long bamboo "" Yanjing bamboo Branch · Earth Temple, "a poem wrote:" Yoo Doo Temple City, Chen Jing basket, dove embellishment floral emblem new plant Aya Rob clothes are sold, exchanges are all shopping people. "
Flower Market - Chongwenmenwai West Flower Market Street fire temples, to name Germany Chun Kwan Temple, built in the Ming Longqing two years (1588), Wu Yuan factory for the Shenmu view of the lower house. Qianlong forty-one years (1776) rebuilt. Qing Dynasty lunar month every four (fourth day, fourteen, xxiv) temple there (after the 1922 switch to the Gregorian calendar every four). Later, the fire temple incense must gradually evolved into a purely commercial market. Fire temple has been the center of the flower bazaar.
Flower Market flowers, there are two, one is fake flowers, one flower, the flower market with fake flowers named after the original. "Yanjing age of mind," says: "Flower who is the insertion of women wearing paper flowers, while non flowers." Artificial flowers commonly referred to as "through-flower" (ie through the grass rushes), known as "the capital through the grass heaven "reputation. Later developed into paper flowers, silk damask, satin flowers, Ronghua, the formation of a specialized industry.
Flowers City Flower Market in West Road, south west exit of the store yellow alley. A winding narrow lanes, within a square. Every market day, flower, flower traders who Caoqiao or from left Tiananmen Square along with the flowers round basket with shoulder all the burdens or row carts pulled the flower market to sell. There are a variety of trees, flowers seasons. Spring comes, first daffodils on the market, then the market has peony, peonies, roses, calendula, Jiangxi wax, Yihe sharp, butterflies, sage, tuberose, red pomegranate, pomegranate albino, evergreen, rattle, cactus , figs and so on. Summer from the south shipped jasmine, Milan, known as the "flower-off." Autumn is sweet-scented osmanthus, chrysanthemum. The lunar year in the greenhouse growers carefully cultivated spring, Begonia, Tau, bloom and other shipped exhibition for people to buy to decorate festival scene.
As more people at that time the capital of pigeons, there are many pigeons monopoly on the flower market, the sale of pigeons variety. People stood up like bamboo whistle tied to dovetail, called "gourd" or "whistle." "Gourd" some small, "whistle" There are triple, five of ten Samsung, eleven, binoculars, kerf, Zhongxingpengyue, respectively. In addition to pigeons, as well as selling a variety of birds, goldfish, cricket, grasshopper, crickets oil gourd and other plaything.
White Pagoda Temple - Fuchengmen White Pagoda Temple Street is located in the east of the palace gate northbound. It was built in the Liao Dynasty Shouchang two years (1069), formerly known as big Shengshou An Temple. White Pagoda Temple was originally lunar month every five opening every six, eleven years (1922) to switch to the Gregorian calendar five or six two days. After 1949, the Earth Temple temple closed, replaced by long-term flower market bazaar, the White Pagoda Temple changed every three, four, five, six days opened, temple twelve days per month. The temple eat, play and other goods stall hawkers and hands are set in the sides of the road, heard cries, visitors crowded. Sell sugar-coated haws, Wei Qing, was the United States radishes, large hanging Shan Lihong's; sell rice cake, cut cake, bean flour cake, glutinous rice lotus root, soybean milk, curd, croquettes, fried tofu; there selling clothes and shoes, ocean socks, hair grate, fake hair, cosmetics, flower looks like, Ronghua Juanhua; playing to sell goods (toys), drama painted face, the bulk of monks, a small whip, wooden knife wooden gun, moving does not fall, rabbit pound right, Journey hit Muyu children, cloth tiger, mud dowry, dragonfly, lump wood screw, small cymbals snare; sell pots, seeds, children's aquarium. From the thirties to the fifties, there are many folk artists singing storyteller here. The temple is two homes folk opera venue, there have been translated books, drums, comic, juggling shed. Temple backdoor alley ingot is Bird City.
After 1960, the White Pagoda Temple and other large temple replaced by modern shopping malls.
Gokokuji - formerly known as Chong Temple, built in the Yuan Dynasty, Yuan prime minister Tuoketuo 'residence. Qing Kang Xi sixty-one years (1772) rebuilt, renamed Gokokuji. The temple is located in the Gokokuji West Fourth Street, the old Beijing called "West Temple."
Gokokuji original lunar calendar every seven or eight every open from eleven years (1922) changed to the Gregorian calendar every seven or eight every opening. Every temple "where gems, rungra, clothes, food, antiques, paintings, flowers, birds, fish and insects as well as ordinary household things, star Bu acrobatics and his ilk, all-powerful." ( "Yanjing age of mind") urban and rural areas visitors to bees, even aristocratic women in a given area Fu street, official residence of the king of light living often come to patronize.
Fusi - Fusi is located in the East Fourth Street North West, Daizong before the Ming Jingtai three years (1425), the Qing Emperor Yongzheng nine years (1731) rebuilt. Fusi in the capital of the Ming Dynasty is the only Fan (Lama), Zen (monk) in the same temple, the Qing Dynasty to become fully lamasery.
Fusi was one of the court of incense hospital, became the capital of the famous Grand temple. Because it is located in the East Side, Gokokuji relative, commonly known as the "Temple of the East." Qing Dynasty, the lunar month every one, two, nine, ten to open the temple in 1930 to switch to the Gregorian one, two, nine, ten to open the temple. Every temple, endless streams, near the palace aristocratic residence, foreigners Dongjiaominxiang embassy district, poor people and suburban farmers to go to the fair. Here you can buy a wide variety of local products, you can eat a variety of Beijing local delicacies, you can see Beijing's folk opera. "Beijing Bamboo Branch," said temple heyday of the year, "a day can eliminate one million of money."
Dongyue Temple - Dongyue Temple is located in Beijing's Chaoyang Lu Jie outside of God, was built in the Yuan extended for six years (1319), as Taoism is one Grandmaster Zhang left Sun to finance development. Called "benevolence church" when first built, Ming Wu for three years (1371) renamed the "Dongyue Temple."
Since the Ming and Qing dynasties and the Republic of China, Dongyue monthly moon students open day. During the Spring Festival open two weeks from the first day to fifteen. Lunar Dongyuetaidi birthday is March 28, held a "dusting will", so open twenty-eight days per year to 28 March the first day.
Yuan, where most legitimate portal leading to the canal city of Tongzhou arteries. Where via the Grand Canal and Beijing merchants selling until sea lanes, and more in this residence. "Water transport-year-old reservoir, more than trade, residents well off," the market prosperity, the Dongyue Temple incense particularly booming, the earliest record of the Beijing temple.
Ming Dynasty, Dongyue Temple every year lunar calendar March 28, there Dongyue Rensheng Great parade of setting effort. Ming "Teikyo features a little" contains:. "Emperor's birthday, both Chen drums, Jing flag, pavilion kiosks color guide Jen sage tour of Dili tour of the classics, women full House, earth business full Square, unleashing those over the road, parallel Ideas. Emperor Yu return tour guide who get drunk pine forest, is the late return. "
Qing Dynasty, during Dongyuetaidi birthday, Chang Temple should be sent to the festival. Hong will also do folk, Chen Sheng drums, flags buildings preamble, cock God driving trips. Pilgrims, tourists plug Road, Chaoyang and out door who, day tens of millions.
Temple period, as well as the organization of all walks of life will be good, about two dozen, a hundred people each will vary. Such as dusting will net furnace will be, will be flowers, dog day clean water will, for the honey will, lanterns will be, will paste window for porridge will, Shi tea party, white God Debts, Wan Shan Shan dust will, all good dusting We will, will offer salt, will respect Script paper, white flowers will be like. These good will to all pilgrims to the temple or obligations of charity and good help for the purpose. During the festival there "will be released," there is good and will help put the cage of birds visiting the temple, quickly stepped forward to greet Zhang Yi, while I said: "! You and more devout friends", while hands will open the cage and let the birds escape. Then there are people visible protect wildlife awareness and habits.