The opera in Beijing - PingXi
Popular in Beijing drama, folk art has a long history and rich heritage. In addition to Beijing style drama originated in the Yuan Dynasty opera, the most famous is called the quintessence of opera since the formation of fifty-five years of Qianlong (AD 1790) the emblem of class to Beijing. As well as Hebei Clapper, opera and the resulting assessment derived "Beijing Leap" (West play commentary). The former is called "drama", the latter known as the "drama."
In addition, different forms of popular Beijing faces as well as "Luanzhou Lvpi play", puppet theater, Flower Drum Opera, Bajiao Gu, Beijing piano book, fork song, stringed, Jingyuntaigu, fast writing, plum drums, storytelling, peace drum, crosstalk and other small drama.
The opera in Beijing-PingXi
PingXi is one of the local operas have a greater impact in our country. Early in the 19th century, poor farmers Tangshan area in the slack to make a living singing lotus fall, after one thousand eight hundred and ninety years ago, the gradual emergence of a professional artist lotus falls. Lotus Drop-called "zi" is a long-term popular is developed on the basis of Lotus fall on the folk art of rap, Peking Opera.
Then, in the Northeast folk song and dance "bouncing" pass into the customs, so Hebei Lotus artists will drop rapidly absorb this art, began singing as "king for two to catch the foot", "Wang sister Siv," "Young two homes alms "" king aunt saw vats "," clove flesh "," Ann send rice "and other similar productions, by the local farmers alike. These artists who proceeds from the countryside to the industrial city of Tangshan: Tangshan workers, especially coal and steel workers became the drama early and active supporter of the enthusiastic audience. However, it is formed as a more complete opera art before and after the Revolution. Then existing Wen Ming drama and drama on stage, they have their own playwright, at the same time, the progress of democratic ideas had spread to the literary circle, which prompted this new opera Peking Opera also produced the first generation of playwrights into a trillion before and so on.
Cheng's artist formerly lotus fall, he was affected by the new zeitgeist, the spirit of innovation has created in the arts, so he plays with his Lotus off the show evolved into a bouncing, bouncing and from the play evolved into Peking Opera. Its early repertoire of "horse widow shop" "Mom opened Bang", "flowers for the media" "Mai Youlang exclusive courtesan" and so on, these are the cornerstone of Peking Opera show. The playwright is quite sensitive to the change of the times, he absorbed Wen Ming drama of expression, and acted reflect a number of real-life fashion show popular with the masses, such as "Mom shot small" "Black Cat complain" "Ahn thorn Ito Hirobumi, "and so on, especially in 1919 prepared by the" San Jie Yang complain "the most famous, long speech is not bad, as one of the representatives of Peking Opera repertoire.
When only as Zhao, who evolved into the lotus fall "Tangshan zi", absorbed the full set of Hebei Clapper musical instruments, they gave this new drama called "Jingdong first flat cavity Clapper Opera", referred to as "Peking Opera" concert with this throat. The actor was a representative for a month pearl, Jin Kaifang and so on. After the Revolution, Beijing was renamed Beiping, Peking Opera also will be known as Peking opera. In order to become a trillion-led "Peking Opera" at this time it has been developed to Tianjin and other places, and by the Peking Opera Peking Opera was renamed the pair Chi trend. So he named Peking Opera, Yue "On the ancient theory today" means.
Peking Opera art features are: known for singing, articulation clear, easy to understand the lyrics, sing understand, such as complaints, show strong flavor of life, there are friendly folk flavor. It is in the form of lively, free, good performance of most contemporary people's lives, and therefore has a large number of urban and rural audiences.
PingJu cavity plate is singing, there Adagio twenty-six board, pallet, and the diffusion plate, and other plate. After the liberation, Peking Opera music, singing, performing innovation has made remarkable achievements, especially in changing the male malady angle singing too poor, male voice singing a new creation. Although it absorbed the performing arts figure opera, Peking Opera, the program, the tendency of the opera was once, but still maintained a lively folk, free, rich flavor of life characteristics.
The apparent good at real life is a traditional Peking Opera. After the Revolution, into a trillion only according to local current events composed and arranged "San Jie Yang complain" "Black Cat complain" "shot Luo Dragon", "Luo shot Tiger" and so on, basically laid the Peking Opera to play modern repertoire based expertise . After the establishment of People's Republic of China, Peking Opera has entered a new period of development and prosperity, performed a number of modern drama by the masses, such as small Bai Yushuang and Han Shaoyun starring "little son", starring Xin Fengxia "Liu Qiaoer", "Xiang-lin Sao "," handsome young man "and" Jinsha River "," wins in "," spring wildfire fighting city "; reform and opening up and a" mountain people "" pimple Tun "" black and four famous "" loquacious Zhang Damin happy life "and other excellent modern repertoire.