Beijing Wanshou Temple(Beijing Art Museum)
Manjuji is a quiet, solemn royal temple, after several generations of large-scale construction of the Ming and Qing dynasty, eventually forming a set of temples, palaces, royal gardens in one of the Buddhist resort, was once an important place for the royal birthday celebration of the Qing Dynasty. In 1985, Beijing Art Museum established here, was formally opened. Manjuji located northwest of the capital at seven li Xizhimen Street, south of Suzhou, north Zizhuqiao that river Kwong Yuen gate on the west side when the Ming and Qing. After Dynasty, Kang Xi and Qianlong, Guangxu dynasties of several large-scale renovation, forming a set of temples, palaces, gardens as one of the architectural pattern, the "small West Beijing Forbidden City" reputation.
Manjuji was built Yu Mingchao, said poly Joseph Temple. Ming Wanli five years (1577), mother of Emperor Wanli of the Empress Dowager Ci San Lee investors, Si Lijian Feng Bao Jian from the Governor, renamed Manjuji, became a royal temple. Mainly used Sutras, after board, the volume moved by the fan through the plant and the Chinese plant, Manjuji became Empress Ming Dynasty West Lake (Kunming Lake) on the way for meals and rest of the palace. Qing Shi rebuilt after several expansion, West changed Qianlong palace at the time, became a large-scale re-Royal Temple. Qing Emperor Qianlong sixteen years and twenty-six years, Gaozong Hong Li birthday here twice for his mother. Twenty years of the Qing dynasty (1894), the Empress Dowager Cixi rebuilt Manjuji palace, in the west campus-wide upgrading of Qian Foge and dressing floor, forming a final pattern. That year, Empress exchanges between the Forbidden City and the Summer Palace, in Manjuji must burn incense to Buddha, in the West campus-wide palace for tea, so there is little Qianlong said. After 1934 years ago, it has turned into the front of Manjuji northeast refugee school children. In 1985, Beijing Road, turned into Museum of Art.
Manjuji deep court mansions, Qionglouyuyu, carved beams, very Hong-li. During music bar corridors, Yu Shu Pavilion, rockery bluestone, Road underground palace, pines and cypresses patchwork, covers an area of 30,000 square meters. Temple eastern, central and west road. Road to the main building, a total of seven courtyards within the gate, to the north followed by King Hall, Main Hall (Hall of life extension that is large), Wanshou Court, a large meditation hall, Royal Pavilion, Amitayus Buddha, Longevity House, each side of the house Peidian allocated units. Road to the abbot hospital and nursery garden, which the monks living area. West instead palace courtyard in the Qianlong period.
Front of the temple, river waters and old with a pier. Whenever the spring and early summer, the Queen Mother from the imperial Forbidden City to the Summer Palace by water summer are here in incurred disembark take a break.
Manjuji above the gate, Shunzhi two years of coming to a decision of the stone plaque, a letter to "protect the country Uighurian Manjuji." Wall clips on both sides of the gate, skimming mountains of brick screen wall, composition fine, rare for art boutique. Yu chest-high walls on both sides of the base tiger, Zhu white top wall, clear color.
Get in the gate, is the King Hall. Front of the hall clock tower left and right Drum Tower. Known as "King of the bell," said the Yongle Bell was suspended here. Qianlong eight years, moved to Juesheng Temple (ie Dazhongsi). Over King Hall is the main hall, there are Buddhas, Eighteen, back seat Guanyin like clay. Kim Joo on both sides, Emperor Qianlong of the book couplets: "Wisdom Ring VECON the clouds are; the outer boundary stone flower do really cool." National Tsing Hua University eunuch Li Lien Ying compliment to the Empress, specially ordered to make a face like the Empress of Avalokitesvara, the Empress the "Buddha" in the name derived therefrom. Now, this seat is also placed behind Statue of Buddha III.
Wanshou Court after the main hall was rebuilt in recent years, the original pavilion was destroyed by fire in the Republic of China. After the large meditation hall Court, presided over preached to the land. After the hall rockery Stones, pine vigorous, are all things for hundreds of years. After a large meditation hall for the last courtyard, there are a rockery, a symbol of Putuo, Emei, cool Buddhism three mountains, the mountains there are three persons Hall, the main hall for Guanyin, Monju left to right for Fugen. Hill, after two separate sides of the ancient ginkgo tree, the vicissitudes of the towering Qiu dry foliage. There followed Qianlong Royal Pavilion, Amitayus Buddha, Guangxu Royal Pavilion, Qian Foge and so on. Immeasurable permitted two doors on both sides of the original western type, built in the Qing period, and the age Yuanmingyuan Western House, are all combined and Western product. Climbing across the veranda door and pavilions connected with the West, and East soil Hill also wooded interlinked.
Xi, palace part for qingqionglongniujian construction, the front portion having four small courtyards, is lined middle into two. Shanfang left for the life, the right to life waiter, followed by the emperor, empress incurred in the line of the house. After both sides of the line climbing veranda Hall, through the floor to the kiosk. According to legend, the late Qing Dynasty Empress Dowager Cixi had this dressing, so called "dressing floor." There again the Hall of Great Compassion and side hall, the hospital in a Jingting, is designed for the preaching of the emperor. East is the abbot hospital. Front of the large dining hall, large kitchen and dormitories, dining hall for the former Yu, south room, the dining hall to the mound after, and finally the single hospital.
Beijing Museum of Fine Arts is a comprehensive art museum, "hiding" in this famous temple. It has a collection of nearly 50,000 ancient art pieces from the era of primitive society, the next as the Ming and Qing, especially in Ming and Qing Dynasties a splendid sight. Extensive collection categories, including ancient calligraphy and paintings, rubbings and celebrities Letters, palace tapestries, porcelain palace, ancient furniture, ancient coins and imperial seals. Others, such as bronze, jade, wood, horn, a Buddha statue, snuff, and many others. There are masterpieces of calligraphy Qi Baishi, Zhang Daqian, Xu Beihong, etc. on behalf of the masters. Museum of Art has a collection of ancient books from the Song Dynasty to the Republic at more than ten million copies.
Address: Suzhou Street, Haidian District, Beijing Wanshousi
Getting: 74,300 outer inner, outer 300, 300 fast, fast 300, 323, 323 fast, fast 362, 482,534,658,699,944,944 branched, 967,968,968 fast, 5 Laid In addition, the outer Laid 8, 8 Laid outer and inner 8 Laid main road, main road Laid 8, 8 within Laid fast, fast Laid 8, Express 103, Express 108, Express 201 off Wanshousi
Car lines: Zizhuqiao West Third Ring Road North Road, 200 meters east (within the Third Ring Road).